This study aims to understand the importance of public policy roles in four indicators of tourism competitiveness according to the World Travel and Tourism Council (WTTC) including Human Tourism Indicator (HTI), Infrastructure Development Indicator (IDI), Social Development Indicator (SDI), and Price Competitiveness Indicator (PCI). An exploratory research method was used to understand the success of tourism public policy in improving the tourism competitiveness in Ambon City. The results found that there was a need of bottom-up policy to encourage the community and private sectors to be creative in producing the expected output. In addition, there was also a need of development policy to provide road access and improve sanitation facilities in touristy destinations so that the community could experience a trickledown effect. Furthermore, policies on creating a balance between the price of commodities consumed and available facilities for the tourists and protecting them from crimes. Therefore, it is expected that the policies issued by the Local Government of Ambon City could improve the tourism competitiveness and community welfare, which simultaneously could increase the Locally-Generated Revenue of Ambon City.


Public Policy; Tourism Competitiveness; Community Welfare; and Locally-Generated Revenue

Full Text:



Badan Pusat Statiktik, 2018. Kota Ambon Dalam Angka.

_________, 2017. Kota Ambon Dalam Angka.

_________, 2016. Kota Ambon Dalam Angka.

_________, 2015. Kota Ambon Dalam Angka.

_________, 2014. Kota Ambon Dalam Angka.

Anderson J.E., 2003. Public policymaking: An Introduction. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Anszperger A., 2017. The Role of Public Administration in Tourism Development in the Case of the Torun County, Journal of Public Policy and Administration, Vol. 16, No. 4. p. 553-566.

Campos M.J.Z., and Hall C.M., 2014. Public Administration and Tourism, Scandinavian Journal of Public Administration, 18 (1): 3-17.

Hasan A., 2015. Tourism Marketing, Cetakan Pertama, Penerbit : CAPS (Center for Academic Publishing Service), Yogyakarta.

Hilman Y.A., 2017. Kelembagaan Kebijakan di Level Desa, Jurnal Ilmu Pemerintahan, Vol 2 – No. 2, Hal. 150-163.

Inskeep, E., 1994. National and Regional Tourism Planning, Published by Routledge, London and New York.

Mardimin J., 2014. Program Pembangunan Berkelanjutan (Kasus Pengelolaan dan Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Air Senjaya di Perbatasan Wilayah Kabupaten Semarang dan Salatiga), Kritis Jurnal Studi Pembangunan Interdisiplin, Terbitan : Program Pasca Sarjana UKSW Salatiga, Vol.XXIII, No. 2.

Ratman, D.R., 2016. Pembangunan Destinasi Pariwisata Prioritas 2016 – 2919, Makalah Rapat Koordinasi Kementerian Pariwisata, 27 Januari.

The Global Competitiveness Report, 2017. A: Methodology and Computation of the Global Competitiveness Index, Published by the World Economic Forum within the framework of the System Initiative on Shaping the Future of Economic Progress, Geneva: WEF.

World Commission on Environment and Development, 1987. “Our Common Futureâ€, Canada : WCED.

World Economic Forum, 2017. The Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report, Geneva: WEF.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

p-issn : 1907-5340 

e-issn : 2722-3248 


View My Stats

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Contact Person :

Rido Latuheru

Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik

Program Studi Ilmu Komunikasi

Jalan Ot. Pattimaipau, Talake

HP : +628114700510

email :

email personal :