Survival Strategy Berbasis Komunitas (Peran Social Capital dalam Institusi Soa, Negeri, Pela dan Gandong)

Eko Basuki


This article discusses the role of social capital in local values of indigenous peoples in Maluku, which are located on Seram Island, Ambon Island, and Lease Islands. The main theme of this article is to answer the question of how social capital plays a role in local values that cause local values to exist, be preserved, institutionalized, and used as the basis for survival strategies. The discussion of community sentiment is used to understand the creation of social capital embedded in the structure of local values.



social capital, indigenous peoples, local values, community sentiment

Full Text:



Abom, Bill. (2004). Social Capital, NGOs, and Development: A Guatemalan Case Study, Source: Development in Practice, Vol. 14, No. 3, by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. on behalf of Oxfam GB.

Aghajanian, A. (2012). Social Capital and Conflict, Training and Mobility Network Economic Analysis of Conflict (TAMNEAC), University of Sussex.

Aldrich, D.P. and Meyer, M.A. (2014). Social Capital and Community Resilience, American Behavioral Scientist, Published by: SAGE Publications.

Bartels, D. (2017). Di Bawah Naungan Gunung Nunusaku, Muslim – Kristen Hidup Berdampingan di Maluku Tengah, Jilid 1: Kebudayaan, Jakarta: KPG (Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia).

Bourdieu, P. (1986). The Forms of Capital, in: John G. Richardson (ed.): Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education. New York: Greenwood Press 1986, s. 241-258.

Bourdieu, P. and Wacquant, L. (1992). An Invitation to Refelxive Sociology and Culture, London: Sage.

Burt, R.S. (1992). Excerpt from The Social Structure of Competition, in Structure Holes: The Social Structure of Competition, Cambridge and London: Harvard University.

Callahan, William A. (2005). Social Capital and Corruption: Vote Buying and the Politics of Reform in Thailand, Source: Perspectives on Politics, Vol. 3, No. 3, by: American Political Science Association.

Campbell, Tom. (1994). Tujuh Teori Sosial, Kanisius, Yogyakarta.

Cartwright, A., Sik, E., dan Svensson, S. (2008). Social Capital and the Integration of Minorities and Immigrants in Hungary, Central European University, Budapest.

Coleman, J.S. (1994). Foundations of Social Theory, Belknap Press, Cambridge MA.

Coleman, J.S. (1988). Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital, Source: The American Journal of Sociology, Vol. 94, Supplement: Organizations and Institutions: Sociological and Economic Approaches to the Analysis of Social Structure, pp. S95-S120, Publishes by: The University of Chicago Press.

Cooley, Frank L. (1987). Altar and Throne in Central Moluccan Society. Diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Indonesia oleh Tim Satya Karya, dengan judul : Mimbar dan Tahta (Hubungan Lembaga-Lembaga Keagamaan dan Pemerintahan di Maluku Tengah), Pustaka Sinar Harapan, Jakarta.

Dasgupta, P. and Serageldin, I. (1999). Sosial Capital (A Multifaceted Perspective), Washington, D.C.: The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development/The World Bank.

Durkheim, E. (1965). The Elementary Forms of The Religious Life, (Translated from the French by Joseph Ward Swain), The Free Press (A Division of Macmillan Publishing Co., Inc.) New York, and Collier Macmillan Publishers, London.

Durkheim, E. (1982). The Rules of Sociological Method and Selected Texts on Sociology and its Method, (Translated by W.D. Halls), The Free Press, A Division of Macmillan Publishing Co.,Inc., New York.

Durston, J. (1999). Building Community Social Capital, Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC), p. 103-118.

Effendi, Z. (1987). Hukum Adat Ambon – Lease, Cetakan Pertama, Jakarta: Pradnya Paramita.

Erdogan, M. (2010). Social Capital and Civic Participation, International Journal of Social Sciences and Humanity Studies, Vol. 2, No. 2, ISSN: 1309-8063 (Online).

Farr, J. (2004). Social Capital: A Conceptual History, Source: Political Theory, Vol. 32, No. 1 (Feb., 2004), pp. 6-33, Published by: Sage Publications, Inc.

Fauzi, Noer. (2005). Gerakan-Gerakan Rakyat Dunia Ketiga, Resist Book, Yogyakarta.

Field, John. (2008). Social Capital, Second Edition, London: Routledge.

Fukuyama, Francis. (2005) The Great Disruption : Human Nature and the Reconstitution of Social Order. Diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Indonesia oleh Masri Maris, dengan judul : Guncangan Besar (Kodrat Manusia dan Tata Sosial Baru), Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.

Gauntlett, D. (2011). Making is Connecting: The Social Meaning of Creativity, from DIY and Knitting to YouTube and Web 2.0, Published: Polity Press.

Giddens, A. (1997). The Constitution of Society, Polity Press, Cambridge CB2 1UR, UK.

Green, A. and Preston, J. (2001). Educational and Social Cohesion: Recentering the Debate, Source: Peabody Journal of Education, Vol. 76, No. ¾, Global Issues in Education (2001), pp. 247-284, Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.

Johnson, Doyle Paul. (1990). Sociological Theory, Classical Founders and Contemporary Perspectives. Diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Indonesia oleh Robert M.Z. Lawang, dengan judul : Teori Sosiologi Klasik dan Modern, Gramedia Pustaka Utama, Jakarta.

Kapucu, N. (2011). Social Capital and Civic Engagement, International Journal of Social Inquiry, Vol. 4, No. 1, pp. 23-43.

Kilpatrick,S., Field, J., and Falk, I. (2003). Social Capital: An Analytical Tool for Exploring Lifelong Leraning and Community Development, Source: British Educational Research Journal, Vol. 29, No. 3, pp. 417-433, Published by: Wiley on behalf of BERA.

Lahusen, C., and Grasso, M.T. (2018). Solidarity in Europe, Palgrave Studies in European Political Sociology, Springer, Switzerland.

Lawang, Robert M.Z. (2005). Kapital Sosial dalam Perspektif Sosiologik (Suatu Pengantar), Jakarta: FISIP UI Press.

Lekies, Kristin Susan. (1998). Community Resources and Community Sentiment: Youth in rural Brandenburg, Germany, (Dissertation), Iowa State University, Iowa.

Maswekan, M. (2020). Sistem Nilai Pela sebagai Modal Sosial bagi Penguatan Kebangsaan pada Basis Lokal di Maluku, Arumbae: Jurnal Ilmiah Teologi dan Studi Agama, UKIM, Ambon.

Pariela, T.D. (2008). Damai Di Tengah Konflik Maluku (Preserved Social Capital sebagai Basis Survival Strategy), Salatiga: Universitas Kristen Satya Wacana.

Partha, D., and Ismail, S. (1999). Social Capital A Multifaceted Perspective. Washington DC, The World Bank.

Paxton, P. (2002). Social Capital and Democracy: An Interdependent Relationship, JSTOR, Published by: American Sociological Association.

Pelupessy, P.J. (2013). Esuriun Orang Bati, Cetakan Pertama, Bogor: Kekal Press.

Putnam, R.D. (1996). “Who Killed Civic America?â€, Prospect, 7, 24, 66-72.

Putnam, Robert D. (2000). Bowling Alone (The Collapse and Revival of Amarican Community), New York: Simon and Schuster Rockefeller Center.

Quinn, J.R. (2006). Beyond Truth Commissions: Indigenous Reconciliation in Uganda, The Review of Faith and International Affairs, 4:1, 31-37.

Ritzer, G. dan Goodman, D.J. (2007). Modern Sociological Theory. Diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Indonesia oleh Alimandan, dengan judul: Teori Sosiologi Modern, Jakarta: Prenada Media.

Schuurman, Frans, J. (2003). Social Capital: The Politico-Emancipatory Potential of a Disputed Concept, Source: Third World Quarterly, Vo. 24, No. 6 (Dec., 2003), pp 99-1010, Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.

Siisiäinen, M. (2000). Two Concepts of Social Capital: Bourdieu vs Putnam, Department of Social Sciences and Philisophy University of Jyväskylä, Paper presented at ISTR Fourth International Confeence “The Third Sector: For What and for Whom?â€, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland.

Soekanto, S. (2007). Sosiologi Suatu Pengantar, RajaGrafindo Persada, Jakarta.

Staveren, Irene van. (2003). Beyond Social Capital in Poverty Research, Source: Journal of Economic Issues, Published by: Taylor & Francis, Ltd.

Svendsen, Gunnar LH., and Svendsen, Gert T. (2003). On the Wealth of Nations: Bourdieuconomics and Social Capital, Source: Theory and Society, Vol. 32, No. 5/6, Special Issue on The Sociology of Symbolyc, Power: A Special Issue in Memory of Pierre Bourdieu, pp. 607-631, Published by: Springer.

Sztompka, Piotr. (2007). The Sociology of Social Change. Diterjemahkan ke dalam bahasa Indonesia oleh Alimandan, dengan judul : Sosiologi Perubahan Sosial, Jakarta: Prenada.

Turner, Jonathan H. (1986). The Theory of Structuration, American Journal of Sociology, The University of Chicago Press, ©2003 JSTOR.

Widner, J. and Mundt, A. (1998). Researching Social in Africa, Source: Africa Journal of the International African Institute, Vol. 68, No. 1, pp. 1-24, Published by: Cambridge University Press on behalf of the International African Institute.

Woolcock, M. and Narayan. D. (2000). Social Capital: Implications for Development Theory, Research, and Policy, Source: The World Bank Research Observer, Vol. 15, No. 2. Published by: Oxford University Press.

Woolcock, M. (2001). The Place of Social Capital in Understanding Social and Economic Outcomes, Isuma: Canadian Journal of Policy Research, 2, 1, 11 – 17.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

p-issn : 1907-5340 

e-issn : 2722-3248 


View My Stats

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Contact Person :

Rido Latuheru

Fakultas Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik

Program Studi Ilmu Komunikasi

Jalan Ot. Pattimaipau, Talake

HP : +628114700510

email :

email personal :