Oppressed Communities Struggle to Be Free from The Seed of "Othering"

Imbran Batelemba Bonde

Abstract


This article aims to analyze the circle of “othering” in Poso and how to cope with it. To investigate this, by conducting library research and participatory observation, I look back at the history of evangelism, which was introduced by NZG, and the conflict events that occurred in 1998-2007. By only limiting the study to Christian communities living in two villages I found that these two events were the key moments of how the “seeds” to “othering” people grew in some Christian societies. In addition, the approach to peace which only focuses on direct violence, still leaves trauma and structural violence from generation to generation, which in turn also creates suspicion among religious communities. In the end, through my observations of several events and social interactions that occur “naturally” in society, I propose the idea of building sustainable peace that has been practiced by several community groups in the present, through encounters with others, and building peace through the table fellowship.


Keywords


Power, trauma, peace, religion, ethnic.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adichie, C.N. Purple Hibiscus: A Novel. Algonquin Books, 2012.

Aditjondro, G.J. Kerusuhan Poso Dan Morowali, Akar Permasalahan Dan Jalan Keluarnya, 2004.

Collins, P.H. Toward a New Vision: Race, Class, and Gender as Categories of Analysis and Connection. Routledge, 2016.

Daulay, R.M. Agama Dan Politik Di Indonesia: Umat Kristen Di Tengah Kebangkitan Islam. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2016.

Dugan, Máire A. “A Nested Theory of Conflict.” A Leadership Journal: Women in Leadership - Sharing the Vision, 1996.

Gogali, Lian. Tragedi Poso: Suara Perempuan Dan Anak Dalam Ingatan Konflik Poso. Yogyakarta: Galang Press, 2008.

Hedges, Paul M. Understanding Religion: Theories and Methods for Studying Religiously Diverse Societies. California: University of California Press, 2021.

Hidayat., Komarudin. “Islam Memasuki Milenium Ketiga: Prediksi, Kritik, Dan Harapan.” In Agama-Agama Dan Problematika Sosial Keagamaan, edited by E. M. Sitompul. Jakarta: PGI & Mission 21, 2005.

Jennah, Muh. Ali, Kaharuddin Nawing, and Roy Kulyawan. “Makna Padungku Pada Komunitas Pamona Di Kecamatan Pamona Pasulemba.” Jurnal Kreatif Online 9, no. 1 (2021).

Kendi, and Ibram X. How to Be an Anti-Racist. One World. Vol. 5.4, 2019.

van Klinken, Gerry. Communal Violence and Democratization in Indonesia: Small Town Wars. Communal Violence and Democratization in Indonesia: Small Town Wars, 2007.

Kruyt, A.C. Keluar Dari Agama Suku Masuk Ke Agama Kristen. Jakarta: BPK Gunung Mulia, 2008.

Leirvik, O. Interreligious Studies : A Relational Approach to Religious Activism and the Study of Religion. Interreligious Studies : A Relational Approach to Religious Activism and the Study of Religion, 2014.

Lestari, Dewi Tika. “Religious Conflict Transformation through Collective Memory and the Role of Local Music,” 2019.

Mappiasse, Sulaiman. “Social Relations in a Post-Religious Conflict Area, Poso, Indonesia: An Interreligious Learning Perspective.”

Mashuri, Saepudin, Sagaf S Pettalongi, Nurdin Nurdin, Paozia Paozia, and Yusran Yusran. “Schools Strategies in Countering Religious Radicalism in Post-Conflict Community in Poso Regency Central Sulawesi, Indonesia.” Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences Studies 4, no. 1 (2022).

Matitaputty, Prasetio L. Th. “Merawat Hidup Bersama Di Tengah Kemajemukan Dan Konflik Antarumat Beragama.” ARUMBAE: Jurnal Ilmiah Teologi dan Studi Agama 3, no. 1 (2021).

McRae, Dave. A Few Poorly Organized Men: Interreligious Violence in Poso, Indonesia. Leiden, The Netherlands: Brill, 2013.

———. The Escalation and Decline of Violent Conflict in Poso, Central Sulawesi, 1998-2007., 2008.

Paais, Vikry Reinaldo. “Antara Eksklusif Dan Pluralis: Rekonstruksi Narasi Kekristenan Atas Agama Leluhur.” ARUMBAE: Jurnal Ilmiah Teologi dan Studi Agama 4, no. 1 (2022).

Parihala, Yohanes. “Making Mega-Space for Others: Towards Theology of Mega-Friendship from the Table Fellowship Story According to Luke 5:27–32.” Verbum et Ecclesia (2021).

Pettigrew, Thomas F., Linda R. Tropp, Ulrich Wagner, and Oliver Christ. “Recent Advances in Intergroup Contact Theory.” International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 2011.

Winter, M.T. Eucharist with a Small" e". Orbis Books, 2015.

Yoder, C.E. Trauma Healing: When Violence Strikes and Community Security Is Threatened. New York: Good Books, 2020.

Yunanto, Sri, and Angel Damayanti. “Religion and Power Comparing Political Landscape in the Religious Conflicts in Poso and Maluku.” Advances in Politics and Economics 5, no. 1 (2022).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.37429/arumbae.v5i1.959

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 Imbran Batelemba Bonde

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ARUMBAE diindeks oleh:

 

 

 

 
   
 
View My Stats

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 Generic License.